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广东省茂名市2010年高三二模考试英语试题

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时间:2014-03-27

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本试卷共四大题,满分150分。考试用时120分钟。
  注意事项:
  l.答卷前,考生务必用黑色字迹的钢笔或签字笔将自己的姓名和考生号、试室号、座位号填写在答题卡上。用2b铅笔将试卷类型(a)填涂在答题卡相应位置上。将条形码横贴在答题卡右上角“条形码粘贴处”
  2.选择题每小题选出答案后,用2b铅笔把答题卡上对应题目选项的答案信息点涂黑如需改动.用橡皮擦干净后,再造涂其他答案.答案不能答在试卷上。
  3.非选择题必须用黑色字迹钢笔或签字笔作答,答案必须写在答题卡各题目指定区域内相应位置上;如需改动.先划掉原来的答案,然后再写上新的答案;不准使用铅笔和涂改液。不按以上要求作答的答案无效。
  4.考生必须保持答题昔的整洁。考试结束后,将试卷和答题卡一并交回。
  i.听力(共两节,满分35分)
  第一节 听力理解(5段共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)
  每段播放两遍。各段后有几个小题,各段播放前每小题有5秒钟的阅题时间。请根据各段播放内容及其相关小题,在5秒钟内从题中所给的a、b、c项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
  听第一段对话,回答第1~3题。
  1.why do parents of boys want to send their children to mixed schools?
  a.because their boys will be more self-confident.
  b.because their boys will not worry about their appearance.
  c.because girls will affect boys positively.
  2.parents of girls do not want to send their daughters to mixed schools,because at mixed schools
  a. their daughters will be too self-confident.
  b.their daughters will be a positive influence on boys.
  c.their daughters will be more worried about their appearance.
  3.according to the conversation,which of the following statements is true?
  a.there are still many single-sex schools in england today.
  b.generally, at mixed schools, boys do better than girls.
  c.single-sex schools are referred to girls’ schools.
  听第二段对话,回答第4—6题。
  4.what kind of room will the man be staying in?
  a.a single room with a kitchen.
  b.a single room with a bath.
  c.a double room with a bath.
  5.what is the room number?
  a.924 b.492 c.942
  6.what can we learn from the conversation?
  a.the daily rate of the room is $ 19.
  b.the man is calling to book a room.
  c.the man is possibly traveling in a foreign country.
  听第三段独白,回答第7—9题。
  7.what was the destination of flight 409?
  a.peru b.lima c.los angeles
  8.who are on strike?
  a.cooks b.postmen c.policemen
  9.which of the following is not covered in the news?
  a.a plane crash b.a robbery c.the weather
  听第四段对话,回答第10—12题。
  10.what job is the woman being interviewed for?
  a.an airhostess. b.a pilot. c.a hospital nurse.
  11.what is the main responsibility for the job if she gets it?
  a.to guarantee people’s safety.
  b.to draw pictures for people.
  c.to take good care of people.
  12.what quality is not mentioned according to the conversation?
  a.warm. b.friendly. c.stubborn.
  听第五段独白,回答第13—15题。
  13.according to the passage, what caused the house fire?
  a.a naughty cat.
  b.a lightning
  c.something in the kitchen.
  14.how much was the damage cause by the fire in total?
  a.$ 115,000 b.$ 175,000 c.$ 75,000
  15.which of the following statements is not true?
  a.the fire first started in the kitchen.
  b.george owed her survival to the cat.
  c.the cat was badly injured in the fire.
  第二节 听取信息(共5小题;每小题1分,满分5分)
  听下面一段独白,请根据题目要求,从所听到的内容中获取必要的信息,填入答题卡标号为16~20的空格中。听录音前,你将有10秒钟的阅题时间,录音读两遍。你将有60秒钟的作答时间。
  zoos 

functions of zoos
 
1. zoos are places of (16)           
2. research into animal (17)        has increased our knowledge of zoology, genetics and psychology.
3. zoos can protect the future of many (18)        of animals.
cruelty of zoos 1. animals are (19)        and depressed living in zoos.
2. frequent contact with human visitors makes animals stressed.
essence of zoos 1. zoos have been improved to be good environments.
2. zoos have more advantages than disadvantages.
3. in an ideal world, zoos would not be necessary with no animals hunted for (20)         or environment destroyed
 

ii.语言知识及应用(共两节,满分35分)

  第一节 完形填空(共10小题;每小题2分,满分20分)

  阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从2l~30各题所给的a、b、c和d项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

  one evening i made a trip to the grocery store (杂货店). as i 21 the room i noticed a man off to the side with a small cardboard 22 that read something to the effect : “needing change for a hot meal.”

  i also 23 several people passing him by with little more than a glance. he looked to be a traveler and seemed to be very humbled at having to ask of others. i too walked on by, but with a seed of a (n) 24 planted in my mind. i went to the far back of the grocery store where they offered the only thing i could think of that would be 25 . i bought him a couple slices of pizza and immediately went back outside to 26 it to him. i told him that it wasn’t much but it was the 27 think they had that was hot. i smiled 28 and turned to walk away and as i did he smiled back with a deep 29 and let out a very soft “thank you”. that look was worth ten times more to me than what i had been able to offer him, and it was a look i won’t 30 .

  21.a.knocked at b.closed c.left d.entered

  22.a.sign b.signal c.notice d.advertisement

  23.a.inquired b.noticed c.begged d.stared

  24.a.dream b.game c.idea d.trick

  25.a.cheap b.hot c.delicious d.warm

  26.a.show b.award c.deliver d.offer

  27.a.only b.very c.same d.exact

  28.a.secretly b.shyly c.gently d.broadly

  29.a.shyness b.curiosity c.surprise d.appreciation

  30.a.forget b.forgive c.treasure d.doubt

  第二节 语法填空(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)

  阅读下面短文,按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求,在空格处填入一个适当的词或使用括号中词语的正确形式填空,并将答案填写在答题卡标号为31—40的相应位置上。

  i had an unusual conversation with a woman about physical limitations. nancy suffered 31 a serious disease and she could no longer walk. she spent her 32 (wake) hours in a wheelchair.

  “i’m not ‘confined (限制)’ to a wheelchair,” she insisted one day. “it doesn’t confine me but 33 (set) me free.”

  she asked me, “do you want to know 34 reason for living?”

  “what is it?” i wondered.

  “to liberate people. to set them free. before i got my wheelchair,” she explained, “i had trouble getting around. now i can go places! however i can free people, i want to do 35 .”

  “people speak of being ‘shut in,’” she continued. “people 36 are confined to a room or a house or a bed are not ‘shut in.’ they’re ‘shut out’ – shut out of activities and shut out of people’s lives. so my aim is to liberate people, to set them free, however i can.”

  because of her disease, nancy now helps people find ways of gaining more physical 37 (free).

  listen to these words from darwin p. kingsley: “you have powers you never dreamed 38 . you can do things you never thought you 39 do. there are no limitations in 40 you can do except the limitations of your own mind.”

iii.阅读(共两节,满分40分)

  第一节 阅读理解(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)

  阅读下列短文,从每题所给的a、b、c和d项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

  a

  can you imagine a stranger will read your e – mails without your permission or scan the website you’ve visited or perhaps someone will casually glance through your credit card purchases or cell phone bills? all of the things may happen to you one day.

  in fact,it’s likely that some of these things have already happened to you. who would watch you without your permission? it might be a spouse, a girlfriend, a marketing company, a boss, a cop or a criminal. whoever it is,they will see you in a way you never intended to be seen or even do something that may bring a disaster to you.

  psychologists tell us boundaries are healthy, and that it's important to reveal to friends, family and lovers at appropriate times. but few boundaries remain nowadays. the digital bread crumbs (碎屑) you leave everywhere make it easy for strangers to know who you are, where you are and what you like. in some cases, a simple google search can leak the deepest thought in your mind. like it or not, increasingly we live in a world where you simply cannot keep a secret.

  the key question is:does that matter? for many americans, the answer apparently is “no”.

  when opinion polls ask americans about privacy, most of them say they are really concerned about losing it. and 60 percent of the respondents say they feel their privacy is “slipping away, and that bothers me”.

  but people say one thing and do another.only a small of americans change any behaviors in an effort to preserve their privacy.few people turn down a discount attollbooths (收费站)to avoid using the ez—pass system that can track automobile movements. privacy economist acquisti has run a series of tests that reveal people will give up personal information such as telephone number, address, or social security numbers just to get their hands on a pitiful 50-cents-off coupon(优惠券). but privacy does matter—at least sometimes.it's like health;when you have it,you don’t notice it.only when it’s gone do you wish you’d done more to protect it. without privacy, one will be naked in front of others.

  41.what would psychologists advise on the relationships between friends?

  a.friends should open their hearts to each other.

  b.friends should always be faithful to each other.

  c.there should be a distance even between friends.

  d.there should be fewer quarrels between friends

  42.why does the author say “we live in a world where you simply cannot keep a secret”?

  a.modern society has finally developed into an open society.

  b.people leave traces around when using modern technology.

  c.there are always people who are curious about others’ affairs.

  d.many search engines profit by revealing people’s identities.

  43.what do most americans do about privacy protection?

  a.they change behavior that might disclose their identity.

  b.people turn down a discount at tollbooths to avoid using the ez – pass system.

  c.they rely more and more on advanced technology.

  d.they talk a lot but hardly do anything about it.

  44.according to the passage,privacy is like health in that .

  a.people will make every effort to keep it

  b.its importance is hardly understood

  c.it is something that can easily be lost

  d.people don’t value it until they lose it

  45.what would be the best title for the passage?

  a.no privacy, no health.

  b.treasure your privacy.

  c.boundaries are important between friends.

  d.the information age has its own shortcomings.

  b

  washington – it’s a great achievement that inspires notions of robots with consciousness and independent minds.

  when people or animals get hurt, they can usually compensate for minor injuries and keep limping along, but for robots, even slight damage can make them stumble and fall. however, a recently made robot has demonstrated a novel ability: it can heal its own damage.

  the new robot, which looks like a splay – legged, four – footed starfish can sense injury to itself and adapt. that ability sets the new robot apart from earlier machines. because the robot can recover from unfamiliar places. “there is a need for planetary robotic rovers to be able to fix things on their own,” says josh bongard, a professor in the university of vermont, who is one of the device’s creator. “robots on other planets must be able to continue their mission without human help if they are damaged and cannot communicate their problem back to earth.”

  a typical robot functions according to a computer program, but the new robot works differently. first, sensors in its four legs observe the robot’s movements and signals to its built – in computer. from the formation it collects, the robot creates its own programs that allow it to adapt to different situations. for example, when the researchers shortened one of the robot’s legs, the smart machine simply adjusted its way of walking – it used three legs instead of four.

  the researchers are looking for other places to put the resilient robot to work. one pellicle spot is the ocean floor. that dark and dangerous undersea terrain might be a good choice for a robot the scientists call the starfish. “we never officially named the robot, but we usually refer to it as the starfish, even though a real starfish has five rather than four legs,” says bongard. “also, a real starfish is much better than our robot at recovering from injury, because it can actually grow its legs again.” scientists have created robots that help humans in many ways: by exploring space, fighting fires, and even performing surgery.

  46.the newly designed robot distinguishes itself from the former ones because it .

  a.can communicate with people on the earth about their problems

  b.works according to a certain computer program

  c.can find its problems and solve them automatically

  d.can explore unfamiliar places

  47.an example is given in the fourth paragraph in order to explain that the robot .

  a.is used to create new programs

  b.has typical robot functions

  c.has sensors to observe its movements

  d.can gather information and adapt to new conditions

  48.the underlined word “resilient” in the last paragraph means the robot is .

  a.creative b.newly made c.able to recover d.informative

  49.which of the following is ture about the robot “starfish”?

  a.it was spoken highly of by people for its special ability?

  b.it will stumble and fall if damaged.

  c.it can grow its legs again once they are broken.

  d.it has started to work on the ocean floor.

  50.what might be the best title of the passage?

  a.how does the starfish robot work

  b.do – it – yourself robot repair

  c.robots designed to work on other planets

  d.new robot helping us in many ways

  c

  geniuses amaze us, impress us and make us all a little jealous.how do they differ from the average person? scientists are working hard to figure out that answer.tune in to the national geographic channel to find out about the discoveries they’re making in the series my brilliant brain.

  when marc yu was only two years old, he began to play the piano.after a year, he started learning pieces by beethoven.now he’s a world-famous concert pianist at age eight.he learns newer and more difficult pieces with ease and can identify any note he hears.he seems to be specially designed for music.in born genius, national geographic looks at the science behind child prodigies (神童) to explain why some children seem to be born without limits.

  genius didn’t come naturally to tommy mchugh.his came only after he nearly died from bleeding in his brain.after recovering, mchugh’s head was filled with new thoughts and pictures.so, he began to express them in the form of poetry and art.now, he’s a seemingly unstoppable creative machine.sufferers of autism and brain injury have shown that great mental ability can sometimes come from damage or disease.accidental genius explores this puzzling relationship.

  can normal people be trained to be geniuses? susan polger has shown no signs of extraordinary intelligence.yet, during her childhood, she studied thousands of chess patterns and learned to recognize them immediately.as a result, she was able to beat skilled adult players by age 10 and can now play up to five games at the same time without even seeing the boards.make me a genius examines what it takes to turn an ordinary brain into that of a genius.

  if becoming a genius were easy, we’d all be one.yet, there is much more to super intelligence than simply being born lucky.learn more about amazing brains this month on national geographic’s my brilliant brain.

  51.my brilliant brains is most probably from _______.

  a.a website b.the radio

  c.a magazine d.a newspaper

  52.the author takes marc yu as an example to show that a child prodigy is .

  a.a person who learns something easily

  b.a child who is eager to learn new things

  c.a student who practices an instrument a lot

  d.a kid who works hard to do well in school

  53.which of the following is not true according to the passage?

  a.new things about the brain are still being discovered.

  b.people without natural abilities can learn to do things well.

  c.some people naturally have more active brains.

  d.people are usually smarter when they recover from brain injury.

  54.from the passage, we know that .

  a.scientists completely understand the brain

  b.people can only be born as geniuses

  c.there’s no such thing as a true genius

  d.there are many factors in being a genius

  55.the author develops the passage mainly by .

  a.providing typical examples

  b.following the natural time order

  c.presenting a cause and analyzing its effects

  d.comparing opinions from different scientists

  第二节 信息匹配(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)

  阅读下列应用文及相关信息,并按照要求匹配信息。请在答题卡上将对应题号的相应选项字母涂黑。

  以下是美国某报纸所提供的几种服务机构及其服务范畴。

  a.vista’s enrichment program helps shay find role models and alter bad attitudes. at a time when arts education is disappearing in public schools, vista’s enrichment programs are thriving, providing residents and students valuable outlets for creativity, allowing them to express themselves, boosting their self – esteem, and helping them to heal.

  b.the child car program is a comprehensive program combining child care, child development services, mental health services, and family support services to income eligible families. child care is provided in a network of 20 state licensed family child care homes located in the hollywood and mid – wiltshire areas. the program enables low – income parents to work or attend school or job training programs, thus supporting and enhancing parent / family self – sufficiency and self – esteem.

  c.the family project is a prevention and treatment program for families with young children and their siblings who are at – risk for child abuse and neglect. clinicians make weekly home visits to provide counseling / family therapy, parent education, child development guidance, family support services, mental health services, and case management.

  d.the teen parent project serves pregnant and parenting teens at local high schools by providing a combination of education, case management, and counseling. the teen project is designed to help students stay in school, be good parents to their children, and avoid continued involvement in high – risk behaviors.

  e.family service of santa monica, home safe. julia ann singer center, reiss – davis child study center and vista del mar child and family services – are always looking for caring dedicated professionals to be part of a team that truly makes a difference in the lives of troubled children. for students pursuing degrees in family / child oriented psychotherapy, vista del mar also offers a family therapy internship program

  f.community services – we’re here to assist you in growing your family through adoption. vista del mar’s adoption services, established in 1948, is one of country’s largest, state licensed, private, non – profit adoption services. we help over 200 children each year find a permanent home through domestic, international and foster adoption opportunities.

  以下是寻求服务的人员,请匹配人物与他们所需要的服务机构。

  56.anderson is a firefighter while his wife is a cleaner.they are too busy to look after their two—year-old daughter so they look for someone else with child.care experience to look after her, but they are not well.paid.

  57.john is a high school student who lacks confidence.he is very tamed and always fellow others,but he never tries to create anything new, because he believe he himself is low in ability.now, his parents desire to find role models to inspire him.

  58.charles got married 5 years ago however, his wife lost the ability of giving birth after an accident now’ they want badly to adopt a child to color their life.

  59.catherine is a girl of 16 studying in a high school of ohio as a single mother of a two-year-old child,she is suffering from high pressure how she regrets her risk behavior in the past now, she needs others to teach her to be a good parent as well as give her some advice on coping with different affairs

  60.james was born in a low—class family his father is always drunken and beats him while his mother can do nothing but complain.though is eager to receive a good education but is given no chance to go to school. he hopes to live in a harmonious family where he is cared and respected.he longs for help.

  人物 服务机构

  56.anderson a.vista’s enrichment program

  57.john b.the child care program

  58.charles c.the family project

  59.catherine d.the teen parent project

  60.james e.family service of santa monica

  f.community services

iv.写作(共两节,满分40分)

  第一节 基础写作(共1小题,满分15分)

  假设图中的考生叫李华,2010年高考他的总分为660分,他第一志愿为院校a,第二志愿为院校b,第三志愿为院校c,根据今年的“平行志愿”制度,这些志愿均被视为“平行但有顺序排列的第一志愿”。

广东省茂名市2010年高三二模考试英语试题

 

  [写作内容]

  请根据以上信息写一篇英语短文,包括以下内容:

  1.2010年李华高考总分及其第一批志愿的情况

  2 图中院校的最低投档分数;

  3.不管按新的还是旧的录取制度,李华都不可能被院校a录取;

  4.按新录取制度,李华有可能被院校b或院校c录取;

  5.按目录取制度,由于志愿级减30分出档,李华只有被院校c录取的可能。

  6.新的录取制度比旧的合理。

  【写作要求】

  1.只能使用5个句子表达全部内容:

  2.文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称。

  【评分标准】

  句子结构准确,信息内容完整,篇章结构连贯。

  【参考词汇】录取制度:enrolling system;第一批志愿:the first options of university;

  最低投档分数:the lowest qualification score

  for college entrance examinations of guangdong in 2010.there will be a new enrolling system,which is quite different from the old one.take li hua for example,________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________________________________

  第二节:读写任务(共1个小题,满分25分)

  阅读下面的短文,然后按照要求写一篇150左右的英语短文。

  mr. rogerson, 51, the father of two girls and two boys, has taught teamowork among his children, with real money. eight years ago, when they ranged in age from 5 to 13, he and his wife decided to give them $ 5,000 to make investment (投资) each year – for the family’s summer holiday. the more money they made, the more joy they could get on holiday.

  in 2001 – a bad year for the stock market (股票市场). “they bought stocks. their money went down from $ 5,000 to $ 2,000.” mr. rogerson said, “we went camping.”

  during the second year, “they made $ 50,” he said. “that year we drove down to florida to visit family.”

  by the their year, the children earned $ 600 on their $ 5,000, and the family went to disney world.

  mr. rogerson said that the point of the experience – learning to work together to make intelligent decisions about money – is an important one and the effort has helped them discover their own talent. “we found that one boy showed great leadership and the other one was great with numbers,” he said. “each had a different talent.”

  【写作内容】

  学校最近组织了一次中美学生交流活动,你参加其中“团队合作”的讨论,你准备写一份发言稿,内容要点包括:

  1.以约30个词概括材料中心内容:

  2.然后以约120个词就“团队合作”为主题写你的看法,内容包括:

  (1)团队合作的重要性,

  (2)以你的亲身经历或他人的经历证明团队合作的重要性;

  (3)你对团队合作活动的建议。

  【写作要求】

  1.可以使用实例或其它论述方法支持你的论点,也可以参照阅读材料的内容,但不得直接引用原文中的句子;

  2.不能出现真实姓名和学校名称。

  【评分标准】

  概括准确,语言规范,内容合适,篇章连贯

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