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高中英语语法填空十三招

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时间:2014-03-11

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语法填空是近年来高考英语科新推出的一种题型.这种题型能全面检测学生在英语词汇、语法,甚至是句法上的运用能力,能更科学地反映学生的英语综合水平。本题型分两种情况:一种为已给单词提示,一种为不给单词提示。本人就这两种情况进行了深入的研究,总结出十三条语法填空的解题技巧。
两周记牢 高考词汇 玩游戏也能背单词英语口语达人30天速成听说读写一步到位
  一、已给单词提示题型的技巧
 
  此类题可以考查学生对单词形式变化的掌握程度。单词形式变化主要有两种,一是词的形、数、式的变化,一是词的派生变化。在判断出词的变化之后还应该进一步审题,看是否需要使用复合的变化形式,这一点是很重要的。
 
  技巧一:名词形式变化。名词的形式变化主要有单数、复数、所有格的变化。
 
  例1There are many students living at schoolthe(child)houses are all far from schoo1
 
  由students-词可以判断出横线处应填复数,且作为houses的定语,所以应用其所有格形式,故答案为child的复合变化形式—— 复数的所有格childrens
 
  技巧二:动词形式变化。动词的形式变化比较多,有谓语的变化(时态、语态、语气),有非谓语的变化(不定式、动名词、现在分词、过去分词)
 
  例2A talk——(give)tomorrow is written by Professor Zhang.句中的is是整句的谓语,所以横线所在的动词应当用作非谓语。从tomorrow可以看出,报告是“将来”作的,故用不定式;且报告是give动作的承受者,故可以判断出横线所在处用give的不定式被动式——to be given
 
  技巧三:代词形式变化。代词形式变化通常是与人称变化有关的三大类五小类,即人称代词(主格和宾格)、物主代词(形容词性和名词性)、反身代词。另外还有几个不定代词的形式变化,如no onenoneotheranother等。
 
  例3The king decided to see the painter by——(he)
 
  由介词by可以看出,横线处应填反身代词himself
技巧四:形容词、副词比较级变化。英语中大部分形容词和表方式的副词都有原级、比较级和最高级的变化。构成比较级和最高级的方式,或通过加后缀一er和.est,或在词加morelessmostleast,且形容词的绝对最高级还要冠以the
 
  例4I am (tall)than Liu WenHe is the tallest students in my class
 
  此题后句交代了LiuWen是班上最高的学生,那“我”肯定比他矮,所以不能用taller,只能用表示程度不如的“less tall”。
 
  技巧五:数词形式变化。数词的形式变化包括基数词、序数词,或加后缀一teen、.ty的变化,甚至还有作分母用的序数词的单复数形式,以及onetwo的特殊变化形式
 
  oncetwice
 
  例5To my three sons I leave my seventeen horsesMy eldest son shall take a half,my second son shall take a(three)...
 
  从上下文连续起来理解,这是一个分马的计划,大儿子分得a half,也就是“一半”或“二分之一”,那么二儿子应该得“三分之一”,所以要填入作分母的序数词“third”才能命中目标。
 
  技巧六:词的派生。词的派生现象在英语单词中是很常见的,派生现象主要发生在名词、动词、形容词、副词四种词中。这种题型还有可能检测学生对词根、前后缀、派生词的掌握。
 
  例6Lious lost his wallet yesterdaySO he was very____(happiness)
 
  在这道题中,学生很容易判断出该用形容词,由此可知将happiness .成词根hpy;钱包丢了,人应该是不开心的,所以要再加个前缀un.,就成了unhappy
 
  二、未给单词提示题型的技巧
 
  此类题难度较大,但也是有方法对付的。技巧七:固定短语结构。根据句中横线前后及整句来判断横线前后是否构成一个固定短语,但有时要对横线前或后的几个单词“视而不见”才能命中答案。
 
  例7The children were playing on the groundenjoying____dirty but happy
 
  从句中的happy可以 猜出孩子们是开心的,所以应用enj0y oneself短语,故其答案为themselves
 
  例8His bosswas____angry astofire him
 
  如果“跳过”横线后面的angry,就可以发现这里用到一个关联短语SO?as to,所以,so是正解。技巧八:从句引导词。从句是此题型最为常见的一个方向,主要检测学生对引导词的掌握程度。
 
  例9He did not do_____his father had asked him to do
 
  审题可知,横线所在为宾语从句的引导词,此引导词在从旬中充当宾语,且指物,所以是what
 
  例10Those_____want to go to the village must sign here
 
  经过观察可以判断横线所在为定语从句的引导词,进一步观察可知先行词为those,且指人,所以只能填入who
 
  技巧九:短语动词结构。短语动词是以动词为中心的两个或多个词构成的短语,此类短语中往往是动词与介词或副词连用的多些。
 
  例11The US  consists ____fifty states
 
  根据常识可知,美国由50个州组成,故横线处与前一词组合,表示“由? ?组成”,所以答案是of
 
  例12Mrs Baker was illso her daughter had to ask for leave to take_____of her
 
  生病需要人照顾,所以答案是care,与前后词构成take care of
 
  技巧十:短语介词结构。短语介词即多个词的组合
 
  起介词作用的短语,如:except fordue to等。
 
  例13Mr Smith took a plane to London ____ of taking a train
 
  此题中说到两种交通工具,所以可以理解此句有“坐……而不是坐……”的意思,故答案为instead,以构成介词短语instead of
 
  例14Just thenhe saw a blackboard in_____ of him.细心观察,可以看出填人fr0nt即可构成in front of,此题得解。
 
  技巧十一:连词、关联短语结构。常用的连词有andorbutsoforwhile等,常用的关联短语有both……andeither……orneither……nornot only……but also等。
 
  例15Little Wang Jun could not go to school_____his family was too poor
 
  此处表示原因,引导的分句其实是一种解释说明,不是必然的因果关系,且前面有逗号隔开,所以填for
 
  例16____Marrie and Jannie like going to the theatre
 
  横线处的词与后面可以构成both?and,故答案为Both
 
  技巧十二:冠词、介词和常用的副词。冠词只能是在aanthe之间判断;常用的介词有inatonbeforeduring等,通常考查固定搭配;副词的量还是比较多,如:howeverneveryetmuch等,但一般不会考查.ly形式的方式副词(见技巧六——形容词派生副词的情况)
 
  例17Jackie likes to drive at____ high speed.这里考查的是不定冠词的习惯用法,答案为a,构成at a high speed,“以高速”开车。
 
  例18Old Toms grand·daughter used to visit him _____ Saturday afternoons
 
  Saturday afternoons是指定的某天下午,所以不用介词in,而用on才是正解。
 
  例19Though Liu Qiang did the same work ____ Zhang Wen didhe got a lower pay ______ Zhang  Wen
 
  第一条横线可由前面的the same断出用as,第二条横线则可由lower断出比较意义,故答案为than
 
  例20It was only one day left , _____ his father had no idea to answer him
 
  观察上下旬,可以看出是转折关系,且横线与前后用逗号隔开,排除but,所以答案是however
 
  技巧十三:上下文中出现的相关词。这一招是最为灵活的,但也是最难的。学生可以根据上下文关系和自己积累的知识,填入某个已出现的词,或其反义词,或其同类的某个词。
 
  答案的线索可能在本句,可能出现在上下相连的一句,还可能出现在比较远的地方——上下段中与此段位置大体相当的句子。如果该横线出现在某段的首句,则线索可能在上下段的首句;如果横线出现在某段的末句,则线索可能在上下段的末句,以此类推。
 
  例21Tony____travelling abroadbut dislikes staying home watching TV
 
  由第二句话中的dislikes可以判断,此横线处应该是填其反义词likes
 
  语法填空作为一种新颖的题型,能全面地考查学生的英语综合应用能力。上述十三条技巧概括了此题型的多数考查方向,在高考备考复习中能起到很好的加强作用,真正做到事半功倍,较大地提高学生在此题型上的得分率
2013广东高考英语语法填空强训题
蒋勋建  忠良教育
1、语法填空 (共10小题,每小题1.5分,满分15分)
阅读下面短文,按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求,在空格处填入一个适当的词或使用括号中的语法的正确形式填空,并将答案填写在答题卡标号为16—25的相应位置上。
    Last summer, I went to Hanwang, an area severely damaged during the Wenchuan earthquake. I visited some of the   16  (survive) and helped the local volunteers.
    At Hanwang, there were no tall buildings and the air was very dirty and people were crowded. I lived with volunteers   17   all around China in makeshift (
临时的) accommodation. They had been working there for more than six months, some giving up jobs to help with educating the kids. They never complained    18   the poor conditions that I couldn’t bear at first. Rather, they were thankful to have the chance    19  (rebuild) the damaged areas. I respected their work.
   My main task was to visit some of the children   20    charity organization was supporting. One of them was disabled, having broken a leg during the earthquake. A    21  (poison) spider had bitten another girl while she    22  (live)in a tent after the earthquake. She had had to endure (
忍受) the transplant of a piece of skin from one leg to the other. These children had had terrible bad luck,   23  they were still full of hope despite the situation. Their grades were amazingly good,   24   was one reason the charity group chose to help them. All the people I visited were grateful, not only for surviving but to the country for helping   25  .
 
2. 语法填空(共10小题,每小题1.5分,满分15分)
阅读下面短文,按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求,在空格处填入一个适当的词或使用括号中词语的正确形式填空,并将答案填写在答题卡标号为31~40的相应位置上。
    It was dreadfully cold, it was snowing fast, and almost dark; the evening----the last evening of the old year was drawing in.  In the cold and darkness, there went along the street a poor little girl, bareheaded and with naked feet. When she left her home she had slippers____16____. ___17______, they were much too large for ____18_____feet---slippers that her mother had used till then and the poor little girl lost them in running across the street _____19____when two carriages were passing by _____20_____(terrible) fast. When she looked for them, one was not to be found, and a boy seized the other and ran away with ___21_____, saying he would use it as a cradle for his mouse.
So the little girl went on with her bare feet _____22_____were red and blue with cold. In an old apron that she wore ____23______(be) bundles of matches, and she carried a bundle also in her hand. No one had brought so much as a bunch all the long day, and no one had given her even ___24_____ penny.
Poor little girl! ______25____ (tremble) with cold and hunger, she crept along, a perfect picture of misery.
 
3. 语法填空(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)
   Hic! You've just hiccupped(打嗝) for the tenth time since you finished dinner. Wonder ___16    these funny noises are coming from? The part __17    (blame) is your diaphragm, the muscle(肌肉)at the bottom of your chest. All hiccups start here.
    The diaphragm almost always ___18      (work) perfectly--- it pulls down when you breathe in to help pull air into the lungs __19      it moves up when you breathe out to help push air out of the lungs. But sometimes the diaphragm becomes upset, and when ___ 20       happens, it pushes up in an irregular way , making your breath come out differently ____21       how it normally does. When this irregular breath hits your voice box, you're left with a big hiccup. Things ___22     bother the diaphragm include eating too quickly or too much, stomachaches or feeling nervous.
If you want to know  ___23    to get rid of hiccups, here are some "cures", ___24     (breathe) into a paper bag is one method some people use. Others think taking a mouthful of water is the way to become hiccup-free. Sugar under your tongue might also drive away the hiccups. And maybe the most famous      25     (treat), having someone scare you , also helps beat the hiccups.
 
4.语法填空(共10小题;每小题15分,满分15分)
       阅读下面短文,按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求,在空格处填入一个适当的词或使用括号中词语的正确形式填空,并将答案填写在答卷标号为16-25的相应位置上。
       Six days of spring rain had created a wild river    16    run by Nancy Brown’s farmAs she tried to drive her cows to higher ground, she    17    slip and hit her head on a fallen tree trunkNancy was badly hurt and could only walk with great    18    difficult).The water    19    rise).Nancy’s pace got slower and slowerFinally, all she could do was to throw her arm around Lizzie’s neck and try to hang onAbout 20 minutes later, Lizzie managed to    20   succeed pull herself and Nancy out of the water and onto a bit of high land
    It took rescuers another two hours to discover Nancy   21    helicopter lowered a doctor,    22    attached Nancy to a life-support liftThey raised her into the helicopter and took her to the school gym,    23    the Red Cross had set up an emergency shelter
       When the flood subsided two days later, Nancy immediately went back to the highlandLizzie was gone   24    was one of the 19 cows that Nancy lost“I owe my life    25    her,” said Nancy sobbingly
 
5. 语法填空(共10小题,每题1.5分,满分15分)
阅读下面短文,按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求,在空格处填入一个适当的词或使用括号中词语的正确形式填空,并将答案写在答案卡标号为16—25的相应位置上。
Just up the road from my home is a field, with two horses in it. From a distance, each horse looks like any other horse. But if you get a ___16____( close) look you will notice one of them is blind.
Instead of abandoning him, his owner has made him a safe and comfortable barn to live in. And if you stand nearby and listen, you will hear the sound of a bell____17___( come) from ____18____ smaller horse. Attached to  ___19___ (it) halter is a small, copper-colored bell assisting the blind friend to follow him.
____20____you watch them, you'll find the horse with the bell always checking on the blind one, and that the blind horse will listen for the bell and then slowly walk to ____21____ the other one is, trusting he will not _____22____( lead ) astray. When the horse with the bell returns to the barn each evening, he will stop ____23____( frequent ) to look back, making sure that the ____24___ isn't too far behind to hear the bell.
   Life does not throw us away just because we are not perfect or because we have problems or challenges. Sometimes we are the blind horse being guided by the little ringing bell of our acquaintances; ___25____other times we are the guide horse, who helps others to find their way.
 
6.语法填空(10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15)
Nowadays, it is common that parents buy   16   educational present for their children. A lot of personal computers are place under the Christmas tree this year.   17  (believe) that computers are the key to success, parents are also insisting that children   18  (teach) to use them in school as early as possible. The problem for school is   19  when it comes to computers, parents don’t always know best. Teachers found themselves caught in the middle of the problem between parent   20  (press) and wise educational decisions. Many schools are giving in to parental impatience and are purchasing hardware   21  good educational planning. Educators do not even agree on how computers should be used. Even those   22   believe that all children should have access to computers warn of potential dangers to the very young. The temptation remains strong largely   23   young children adapt so well to computers. However, not every school can afford to go into computing, and that creates   24   problem: a division between the haves and the have-nots. Very few parents are agitating for(倡导)computer instruction in poor school districts,   25   there may be barely enough money to pay the teacher.
 
7. 语法填空 (10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15)
阅读下面短文,按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求,在空格处填入一个适当的词或使用括号中词语的正确形式填空,并将答案填写在答题卡标号为1625的相应位置上。
While walking through a park in the industrial city of Kharkov, I spotted an old Russian veteran of World War Ⅱ.They are    16   (easy) identified by the medals and ribbons they still proudly display on their shirts and jackets. This is not an act of egotism. It is their country’s way of honoring those    17     helped save Russia, even though 20 million Russians _____18____(kill) by the Nazis. I went up to this old man    19   (sit) with his wife and said, “Druzhba i mir” (friendship and peace). The man looking at me as if in    20   (believe), took the button we    21   (make) for the trip and said “Friendship” in being held by loving hands, and said, “Americanski?” I replied, “Da, Americanski. Druzhba i mir.” He clasped both my hands as if we were long    22   (lose) brothers and repeated again, “Americanski!” This time there was recognition and love in his statement.
For    23    next few minutes he and his wife spoke    24    Russian as if I understood every word, and I spoke English as if I knew he would understand. You know what?    25    of us understood a word, but we surely understood each other. We hugged, and laughed and cried, all the while saying, “Druzhba i mir, Americanski.” “I love you, I am proud to be in your country, we do not want war. I love you!
 
8.语法填空
阅读下面短文,按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求,在空格处填入一个适当的词或使用括号中词语的正确形式填空。
Before the 1850’s, the United States had a number of small colleges, most of them __16__(date) from colonial(殖民时代的) days. They were smallchurch connected institutions __17__ primary concern was to shape the moral character of their students.
Between mid-century and the end of the 1800’s, more than nine thousand young Americans, dissatisfied with their training at home, went to Germany __18__ advanced study .__19__ of them return to become presidents of venerable colleges—Harvard, Yale, Columbia — and transform them into modern universities. The __20__ presidents broke all ties with the churches and __21__(bring) in a new kind of faculty. Professors were hired for their knowledge of a subject, not because they were of the proper faith and had a strong arm for disciplining students. The new principle was __22__ a university was to create knowledge as well as pass it __23__.
At the same time, the new university greatly expanded in __24__ and course offerings, breaking completely out of the oldconstricted curriculum of mathematics, classics, rhetoricand music. Students were also trained as __25__(economic)architects, agriculturalists, social welfare workers, and teachers.
9.语法填空
阅读下面短文,按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求,在空格处填入一个适当的词或使用括号中词语的正确形式填空。
Crying marriage__16__(surprise) isn’t it? Actually, the custom of crying marriage existed a long time ago in many areas of Southwest China’s Sichuan Province, and __17__(remain) in fashion __18__ the end of the Qing Dynasty. Though not so popular as before, the custom is still observed by people in many places, especially Tujia people, who view it as a__19__(necessary) to marriage procedure.
It is very much __20__ same in different places of the province. According to elderly people, every bride had to cry at the wedding. __21__ the bride’s neighbors would look down upon __22__ as a poorly cultivated girl and she would become the laughingstock of the village. In fact, there were cases __23__ which the bride was beaten by her mother for not crying at the wedding ceremony.
In a wordcrying at wedding is a __24__ by custom to set off the happiness of the wedding through falsely sorrowful words. However, in the __25__(arrange) marriages of the old days of Chinathere were indeed quite a lot of brides who cried over their unsatisfactory marriage and even their miserable life.
 
10.语法填空
阅读下面短文,按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求,在空格处填入一个适当的词或使用括号中词语的正确形式填空。
Once there lived a rich man__16__wanted to do something for the people of his town.__17__first he wanted to find out whether they deserved his help.
In the centre of the main road into the town, he placed__18__very large stone. Then he__19__(hide) behind a tree and waited. Soon an old man came along with his cow.
“Who put this stone in the centre of the road” said the old manbut he did not try to remove the stone. Instead, with some difficulty he passed around the stone and continued on his way.__20__man came along and did the same thing; then another came, and another. All of them complained about the stone but not tried to remove__21__. Late in the afternoon a young man came along. He saw the stone__22__(say) to himself: “The night__23__(be) very dark. Some neighbors will come along later in the dark and will fall against the stone.”
Then he began to move the stone. He pushed and pulled with all his__24__(strong) to move itonly__25__(find) a bag of money under the stone. Imagine how surprised he was!
 
11.语法填空
阅读下面短文,按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求,在空格处填入一个适当的词或使用括号中词语的正确形式填空。
Many Chinese students studying abroad like to stay with host families to learn their language and culture. Nowadays, many Shanghai whitcollar workers have received native English speaking__16__(nation) students as their host families, too, in order to learn English from them.
It is usually free for foreign students to stay in a host family in Shanghai, hut he/she must take__17__the responsibility of teaching English to at least one certain members of the family.Miss Li has always worried about her__18__(limit) English. “I never knew what to say to an Englishspeaking person. ” she said. She has taken a number of English courses, but__19__has proved to be useful. Last year, she saw__20__advertisement recruiting (征募) host families for foreign students, and that was how Carey (from Chicago, US) came to her home. Carey is actually not a student, but a manager. She stays in Li’s apartment for free__21__has to teach Li oral English for 1 hour every day. “She could hardly speak Chinese at the beginning, and we had to guess__22__each other meant through gestures.” said Li.
Two months later, they could talk to each other__23__gesticulating. Now, Li can communicate with any Englishspeaking person freely. About one hundred Shanghai families have received foreign boarding students, and the figure__24__(rise)However, foreign hoarding students can only help improve oral English, but__25__examination skills.
 
12.语法填空
阅读下面短文,按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求,在空格处填入一个适当的词或使用括号中词语的正确形式填空。
One day a rich man took his son on a trip to the country. He wanted to show his son how the poor lived so he could be thankful__16__his wealth.
They spent a couple of days and nights on the farm of__17__would be considered a very poor family.
On their return the father asked his son__18__(explain) what he had learnt. The boy, who had remained silent and deep in thought on the journey home__19__(reply)in a way that shocked his father.
The boy said he wanted to become a farmer. He envied the farmers who had the beautiful night stars to give them light__20__his family had only expensive lanterns. His wish was to have a farm__21__he could go swimming in an endless river instead of the garden pool in their home. Finally he asked his father, “What makes us saferlarge walls around our house__22__friends that will protect us
The boy finished by saying“__23__the trip I thought we were rich but today I learnt who is__24__(true) rich.” With this the boy got up and walked away, leaving his father sitting on their comfortable sofa, totally__25__(speech)
 
13.语法填空
阅读下面短文,按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求,在空格处填入一个适当的词或使用括号中词语的正确形式填空。
 Nowadaysmillions__16__lonely singles are now going online instead.__17__World Wide Web is quickly becoming the world’s most popular matchmaker (媒人)
Singles are flocking(涌向) to the Internet__18__because their busy lifestyles leave them little time to look for a significant other. Using dating sites (约会网址) is quick and convenient. Many singles say the regular dating scene__19__(just lead) them from one bad experience to__20__and are ready to try something else. Dating sites also make__21__ easy to avoid someone__22__you are not interested in. In the real world__23__ignoring someone you don’t like can be difficult.
Despite all the advantages, online dating also presents its own set of problems. People aren’t always those who they declare to be in their online__24__(describe)Safety is another concern. You are just__25__ (like) to find a criminal online as you are Mr. Or Miss Right.
 
14.语法填空
阅读下面短文,按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求,在空格处填入一个适当的词或使用括号中词语的正确形式填空。
The Internet is an amazing information resource. Students, teachers, and researchers use it as__16__investigative tool. Journalists use it to find information for stories. Doctors use it to learn more about unfamiliar diseases and the__17__(late)medical development. Ordinary people use it for shopping, bankingbill—paying, and communicating with family and friends.People all over the world use it to connect with individuals from__18__countries and cultures. However__19__there are many positive developments__20__(associate)with the Internet, there are also certain fears and concerns.__21__concern relates to a lack of control over__22__appears on the Internet. With television and radio there are editors to check the accuracy or appropriateness of the content of programs, and with television there are__23__(restrict) on what kinds of programs can__24__(broadcast) and at what times of the day. With the Internet, parents cannot check a published guide to determine what is suitable__25__their children to see.
 
15.语法填空
阅读下面短文,按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求,在空格处填入一个适当的词或使用括号中词语的正确形式填空。
The Internet is an amazing information resource. Students, teachers, and researchers use it as__16__investigative tool. Journalists use it to find information for stories. Doctors use it to learn more about unfamiliar diseases and the__17__(late)medical development. Ordinary people use it for shopping, bankingbill—paying, and communicating with family and friends.People all over the world use it to connect with individuals from__18__countries and cultures. However__19__there are many positive developments__20__(associate)with the Internet, there are also certain fears and concerns.__21__concern relates to a lack of control over__22__appears on the Internet. With television and radio there are editors to check the accuracy or appropriateness of the content of programs, and with television there are__23__(restrict) on what kinds of programs can__24__(broadcast) and at what times of the day. With the Internet, parents cannot check a published guide to determine what is suitable__25__their children to see.
 
16.语法填空
(珠海高考模拟)阅读下面短文,按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求,在空格处填入一个适当的词或使用括号中词语的正确形式填空。
I remember my first Christmas adventure with Grandma. I remember tearing across town__16__my bike to visit her on the day my big sister dropped the bomb: “There is no Santa Clause. ”she laughed. “Even dummies(傻瓜)know that” I__17__(flee) to Grandma__18__I knew she would be straight with me.She always told the truth.
“No Santa Clause” she said.“Ridiculous! Don’t believe__19__. Put on your coat, and let’s go.”
“Go where, Grandma” I asked.
As we walked through the doors of the general store Grandma handed me ten dollars and said, “Buy something for someone__20__needs it. I’ll wait for you in the car.”
I was only eight years old. Never had I shopped for anything all by myself.For a few moments I just stood there__21__(wonder) what to buy, and who__22__(buy) it for. I thought of everybody I knew. Then I thought about Bobbie Decker.
He was my classmate with bad breath and__23__(mess) hairand he sat right behind me.He didn’t have a coat. I knew that because he never went out to play games during the winter. I fingered__24__bill with growing__25__(excite). I would buy Bobbie a coat.
 
17.语法填空
阅读下面短文,按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求,在空格处填入一个适当的词或使用括号中词语的正确形式填空。
If the population of the Earth keeps on__16__(increase) at its present ratethere will__17__(event) not be enough resources left to support life on the planet. By the middle of the 21st centuryif present trends continuewe__18__(use) up all the oil that drive our cars, for example. Even if scientists develop new ways of feeding the human race, the crowded conditions on Earth will make it__19__(necessity) for us to look for somewhere else. But__20__of the other planets in our solar system are capable of supporting life at present. One possible solution to the problem__21__ has recently been suggested by an American scientist, Professor Carl Sagan. Sagarn believes that__22__the Earth’s resources are completely__23__(exhaust) it will be possible to change the atmosphere of Venus and__24__create a new world almost as large as Earth itself. Something is difficult. Venus is much hotter than the Earth.__25__ there is only a tiny amount of water there.
 
18.语法填空(共10小题;每小题15分,满分15分)
       阅读下面短文,按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求,在空格处填入一个适当的词或使用括号中词语的正确形式填空,并将答案填写在答卷标号为16-25的相应位置上。
       Six days of spring rain had created a wild river    16    run by Nancy Brown’s farmAs she tried to drive her cows to higher ground, she    17    slip and hit her head on a fallen tree trunkNancy was badly hurt and could only walk with great    18    difficult).The water    19    rise).Nancy’s pace got slower and slowerFinally, all she could do was to throw her arm around Lizzie’s neck and try to hang onAbout 20 minutes later, Lizzie managed to    20   succeed pull herself and Nancy out of the water and onto a bit of high land
    It took rescuers another two hours to discover Nancy   21    helicopter lowered a doctor,    22    attached Nancy to a life-support liftThey raised her into the helicopter and took her to the school gym,    23    the Red Cross had set up an emergency shelter
       When the flood subsided two days later, Nancy immediately went back to the highlandLizzie was gone   24    was one of the 19 cows that Nancy lost“I owe my life    25    her,” said Nancy sobbingly
 
19:语法填空(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)
阅读下面短文,按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求,在空格处填入一个适当的词或使用括号中的语法的正确形式填空,并将答案填写在答题卡标号为16—25的相应位置上。
    Last summer, I went to Hanwang, an area severely damaged during the Wenchuan earthquake. I visited some of the _______16______(survive) and helped the local volunteers.
    At Hanwang, there were no tall buildings and the air was very dirty and people were crowded. I lived with volunteers ____17______all around China in makeshift (
临时的) accommodation. They had been working there for more than six months, some giving up jobs to help with educating the kids. They never complained ____18_____the poor conditions that I couldn’t bear at first. Rather, they were thankful to have the chance ____19______(rebuild) the damaged areas. I respected their work.
   My main task was to visit some of the children___20____ charity organization was supporting. One of them was disabled, having broken a leg during the earthquake. A _____21______(poison) spider had bitten another girl while she _____22_______(live)in a tent after the earthquake. She had had to endure (
忍受) the transplant of a piece of skin from one leg to the other. These children had had terrible bad luck,____23_____ they were still full of hope despite the situation. Their grades were amazingly good, ____24______was one reason the charity group chose to help them. All the people I visited were grateful, not only for surviving but to the country for helping____25_____.
 
20:语法填空(共10小题; 每小题1.5分,满分15分)
       In my 18 years of life, there have been many things. University days are the best part of them. I can never forget the days when I stepped into my university. I  16   (impressed) by its garden-like campus, its enthusiastic students and especially its learning atmosphere. I once fell in love with it.
       After the  17  (tire) military training, I got absolutely absorbed in my studies. The classes given by the teachers are excellent. They provide us with information not only from our textbooks   18   from many other sources. They easily arouse my insatiable desire to take in as   19   as I can.
    Frankly speaking, at first I had some difficulty   20  (follow) the teachers. However, through my own efforts  21   thanks to my teachers’ guidance, I made remarkable progress. Now I’ve benefited a lot from lectures and many other academic reports.
    Learning is a long process; I’ll keep exploring in the treasure house of knowledge to   22  (rich) myself. This summer I got out of  23   ivory tower and entered the real world. A publishing house offered me a part-time job in compilation and revision.
At the beginning I was looked down   24   by my colleagues. But they were really surprised  25   I translated seven English articles of about 5,000 words in one day. Gradually, they began to look at me with respectful eyes.
 
21.语法真空(共10小题,每小题1.5分,满分15分)
阅读下面短文,按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求,在空格处填入一个适当的词或使用括号中词语的正确形式填空,并将答案填写在答卷标号为16——25的相应位置上。
Watching online open classes U.S. top universities has become indispensable for many young Chinese.
Guo Lei,a native of Guangzhou,has become     16    (addict) to various open courses after she watched the online video of"Justice:What's the right thing to do."Guo was immediately attracted by the topic and the case to her colleagues for discussion.
About 700 sina micro bloggers      18     (post)different links to the videos.163.com has launched a special channel for open programs,    19    (provide) more than 1,200 class hours of free videos.
Many Chinese have adjusted    20   daily timetable and some office workers quit taking naps    21   they might watch videos at noon,    22    download free online resources to their cell phones to watch while taking buses.
On Douban.com,a netizen named"an independent cat"called     23    others to get up an hour earlier in the morning to watch the videos before leaving for work.    24     has mobilized a great number of followers.
"This set up a good example of how to change and improve our teaching methods," said Wang,a counselor of Sun Yat-Sen University.He also suggested that lectures by some popular Chinese speakers and professors should    25   (translate) into foreign languages and posted online to help foreign audiences understand Chinese culture.
 
22.语法填空(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)
  阅读下面短文,按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求,在空格处填入一个适当的词或使用括号中词语的正确形式填空,并将答案填写在答卷标号为16--25的相应位置上。
     Perhaps I am Courageous, but that's because I've had some inspiring teachers. I'll tell you about one of them. Many years ago, when I worked   16  a volunteer at Stanford Hospital, I got to know a little girl named Liza   17  was suffering from a rare and serious disease, Her only chance of    15    (recover) appeared to be a blood transfusion (输血) from    19    five-year-old brother, who    20   (survive) the same disease and developed the antibodies needed to combat the illness. The doctor explained the situation to her little brother, and asked the boy   21    he would be willing to give his blood to his sister. I saw him hesitate for a moment   22    taking a deep breath and saying, "Yes, I'll do it if it will save Liza."
     As the transfusion progressed, he lay in a bed next to his sister,  23   (smile). But then his face grew pale and his smile faded. He looked at the doctor and asked with   24   trembling voice, "Will I start to die fight away?"
     Being young, the boy had misunderstood the doctor. He thought he was going to have to give her  25  his blood.
 
23:语法填空(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)
阅读下面短文,按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求,在空格处填入一个适当的词或使用括号中的语法的正确形式填空,并将答案填写在答题卡标号为16—25的相应位置上。
    Last summer, I went to Hanwang, an area severely damaged during the Wenchuan earthquake. I visited some of the _______16______(survive) and helped the local volunteers.
    At Hanwang, there were no tall buildings and the air was very dirty and people were crowded. I lived with volunteers ____17______all around China in makeshift (
临时的) accommodation. They had been working there for more than six months, some giving up jobs to help with educating the kids. They never complained ____18_____the poor conditions that I couldn’t bear at first. Rather, they were thankful to have the chance ____19______(rebuild) the damaged areas. I respected their work.
   My main task was to visit some of the children___20____ charity organization was supporting. One of them was disabled, having broken a leg during the earthquake. A _____21______(poison) spider had bitten another girl while she _____22_______(live)in a tent after the earthquake. She had had to endure (
忍受) the transplant of a piece of skin from one leg to the other. These children had had terrible bad luck,____23_____ they were still full of hope despite the situation. Their grades were amazingly good, ____24______was one reason the charity group chose to help them. All the people I visited were grateful, not only for surviving but to the country for helping____25_____.
 
24: 语法填空(共10小题; 每小题15分,满分15分)
阅读下面短文,按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求,在空格处填入一个适当的词或使用括号中词语的正确形式填空,并将答案填写在答题卷标号为16-25的相应位置上。
Animal testing
“It is always my ambition to be a research analyst studying amphibian anatomy(两栖动物解剖学 )for the benefit of mankind.” said Dr. Cull to the high school students touring the laboratory. “My ancestors were all scientists and my father taught   16   that it is simply amazing to appreciate the details in each creature. I also hope that my research can help us to understand   17   humans influences these creatures so that we can know how to improve   18  (environment) problems and correct our wrongs.”
“You are very ambitious, Dr. Cull.” a bright, amber-haired girl said. “So you are looking for similarities between animals and humans?”
“Yes, and there are already enough findings. We know much about how anesthetics(麻醉药) work, for example,   19  (base) on clinical trials with rats.” “But I disagree with using animals for tests!” another student suddenly said. “  20   is often discussed whether using animals for testing is moral. But the knowledge we have collected about health, vaccines, antibiotics   21  (be) incredible. We have benefited a lot   22    animal research.”replied the Doctor
  23   I've seen videos of animals for research put in bad conditions.”Another student broke in.  “Oh, it seems that we've hit on   24   interesting topic.What about stepping into this conference room and discussing it   25  (far)?” 
 
25:语法填空(共10小题,每小题1.5分,满分15分)
阅读下面短文,按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求,在空格处填入一个适当的词或使用括号中的词语的正确形式填空,并将答案填写在答题卡标号为16-25的相应位置上。
Americans love pets. In America, there are more families with pets __16____ those with children. It is common ___17___ U.S. homes have some sort of pets, such as monkeys, snakes and even wolves. But Americans’ all-time favorites are cats and dogs, because dogs can offer protection from thieves and unwelcome visitors and cats can help get rid __18__ the home unwanted pests. Beneath keeping pets, there lies a basic American belief: Pets have a right to be treated well. In Houston, Texas, dogs can have their dinner ___19_____ (deliver) to their homes, just like pizza. Pets can even go with __20_____ owners on vacation. Besides, at least 75 animal welfare organizations exist in America which provide care and adoption services for __21_____ (home) and ill-treated animals. To pay for the high-tech health care, people can buy health insurance _22____ their pets. Pets are __23___ basic to American culture as hot dogs or apple pie. By now researchers ____24______ (discover) that interacting with animals lowers a person's blood pressure. Pets even encourage social relationships: They give their owners an appearance of friendliness, and they provide __25__ good topic of conversation.
 
26:语法填空(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)
阅读下面短文,按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求,在空格处填入一个适当的词或使用括号中的语法的正确形式填空,并将答案填写在答题卡标号为16—25的相应位置上。
   This semester, a total of 129 monitoring (监视的) cameras were set up in our school. Stairs, hallways, gates are _____16_____ equipped. Everybody is talking about it.
   Most students have mixed opinions about the change. On the one hand, they think we’re safer on campus. Just think: With 129 new high-definition (
高分辨率的) cameras _____17____(work) day and night, who would dare to break into school? All images recorded _____18___(send) to the operation room. On the other hand, students think the cameras are peeping (窥视) on them as well. They think they aren’t free to say ____19____ do what they want. The cameras remind them they have to behave _____20_____, which makes them unhappy. They want their freedom and privacy . But at least our ____21______(secure) is guaranteed. Also, we don’t have to worry about our personal property. ____22__ is said, freedom is not something you are given, but something you have to fight ___23_____. Giving some of my freedom in exchange for safety is ___24____ fair trade. If the cameras are watching what I am doing, let them watch! I don’t behave any differently ____25____ other students. Moreover, even if they can monitor what I do, they can never get into my mind and know what I am thinking.
 
27语法填空(共10小题l每小题1.5分,满分15分)
    阅读下面短文,按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯要求,在空格处填人一个适当的词或使用括号中词语的正确形式填空,并将答案填写在答题卡标号为16-25的相应位置上.
      Being alone in outer space can be fdghterdng. That is one reason why astronauts on space flight were given plenty of work to keep   16   busy. They were also in constant communication with people on the earth. However, being with people   17  you cannot get away from might be even harder than being alone.
      Scientists have studied the reactions of men   l8   one another during long voyages. They have found that the longer the voyage __19__ (last), the more serious the problem of adjustment is.When men are shut up together for a long period, they begin to feel uneasy.
         20  (apparent), although no one wants to be alone all the time, everyone needs some degree of privacy. When people are enclosed together, they are in  21  is called a stress situation.That means that they are under an  22  (usual) amount of pressure or stress.People who are well-adjusted are able to handle stress situations better than others. That is one reason why so much care  23  (take) in choosing our astronauts. These men undergo  24  long period of testing and training. One of the things  25  (test) is their behaviour under stress.
 
28. 语法填空 (10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15)
阅读下面短文,根据上下文填入适当的词语,或使用括号中的词语的适当形式填空。
King Lear, in his old age, decides to divide his kingdom among his three daughters, Goneril, Regan, and Cordelia. He devices a “love test” so that he can tell which daughter loves him most.    16    loves him the most will get the most land. Goneril and Regan show him with sickening drops of praise and    17   (admire). When Cordelia    18    (ask) how much she loves the king, she says she loves the king, “no more or less”   19   she should. So he divides the kingdom    20    Goneril and Regan, and leaves Cordelia with    21   . The duke of Burgundy,    22    is Cordelia’s suitor, decides to leave her because she no longer has any wealth. The King of France decides to marry her instead.
     Lear’s friend Gloucester has an    23    (adopt) son named Edmund as well as a true son named Edgar. Edmund wants to be in charge, so he makes Gloucester    24    (believe) that Edgar is trying to kill him. Edgar has to run away. Kent stays by the king and continues being his loyal servant. Later, Lear begins to see that Goneril is not such a good daughter    25    he thought that she was. Lear sends Kent as a messenger to Gloucester.
 
29  语法填空 (10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15)
    阅读下面短文,按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求,在空格处填入一个适当的词或使用括号中词语的正确形式填空,并将答案填写在答题卡标号为l6-25的相应位置上。
I was always told that the three Ps, patience, positive thinking and perseverance, were a sure path 16______success.But this advice does not always work as planned. My high school maths exam is one example. The exam, 17______was originally to be held in our classroom, 18_______(change) to the library at the last minute. This, 19______, didn’t bother me because maths had always been my strongest subject. I patiently walked to the library, took my seat and did some deep breathing to help relax 20_____. But my mood changed quickly when I saw the first question. I had no idea how to do it. I tried to stay 21_______(positive) and persevered  22______I finally found the solution. With the problem 23_______(solve),I felt proud of my achievement.24________(fortunate),I then noticed that I had just 10 minutes left 25______ (complete) the rest.
 
30.  语法填空(10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15)
    阅读下面短文,按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求,在空格处填人一个适当的词或使用括号中词语的正确形式填空,并将答案填写在答题卡标号为l6-25的相应位置上。
It was a cold and cloudy afternoon. I was on the bus with my children, aged four and two, heading home when it started to rain. I realized this would mean a wet walk home   16   the bus stop.
Home was only two blocks away   17   it was not a pleasant walk with one small boy fast asleep in the pram (手推婴儿车), the other one in a raincoat and no umbrella for myself. A pick-up truck passed us on the road and, a few minutes later, I saw it   18   (pull) back and the driver looking directly at us.
A young man put the window down. “Hey, here’s an umbrella for you --- please take it.” He called out.
I stood there   19  (astonish), barely believing that the man,   20   existence was unknown to me only moments ago, could be so   21  (thought). “Come on, give this to your mummy,” he said to my older son. I gratefully accepted the offer,   22  (thank) him and watched the truck disappear down the road.
This man might have needed the umbrella for   23   later during the day but preferred to give it to me. It was a lesson to me   24   it’s possible to give without expecting anything   25   return.
 
31.  语法填空(共10小题,每小题1.5分,满分15分)   
    阅读下面短文,按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求,在空格处填入一个适当的
词或使用括号中词语的正确形式填空,并将答案填写在答题卡标号为16—25的相应位置上。
    Opportunities don't come often. They come every once in a while. Very often,they come quietly and go by without 16   (notice). Therefore, it is advisable 17   you should value and treat them with care.When an opportunity comes, it brings a promise but never realizes it   18   its own.If you want to achieve something 19   intend to fulfill one of your ambitions,you must work hard, make efforts and get prepared. 20  , you will take no advantage of opportunities when they come to visit you. The difference between a man who succeeds and 21  who does not lies only in the way each treats opportunlties. The successful person always makes adequate   22   (pre pare) to meet opportunities as they duly arrive. The unsuccessful person, on the other hand, works little and just waits to see them pass by. In my opinion, there 23   plenty of opportunities for everyone in our society, but only those 24    are prepared adequately and qualified highly can make use of them to achieve 25     purpose.
 
32. 语法填空(共10小题; 每小题1.5分,满分15分)
阅读下面短文,按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求,在空格处填入一个适当的词或用括号中词语的正确形式填空,并将答案填写在答题卷标号为16-25的相应位置上。
The task of being acce学科网(www.zxxk.com)--国内最大的教育资源门户,提供试卷、教案、课件、论文、素材及各类教学资源下载,还有大量而丰富的教学相关资讯!pted and enrolled in a university begins early for some students. Long before they graduate   16   high school, these students take special courses to prepare for advanced study. They may also take one or more examinations that test   17   well prepared they are for the university. In the final year of high school, they complete   18   (apply) and send them, with their student records, to the universities    19   they hope to enter. Some high school students may be required to have an interview   20   people from the university. Neatly dressed and usually very frightened, they are determined to show that they have a good attitude and the ability to succeed.
After the new students   21   (accept), many colleges and universities offer  22  instruction program for them to get to know the procedures for registration and students advising, university rules, the use of the library and all the  23   major services of the university.
Beginning a new life in a new place can be very   24   (puzzle). The more knowledge students have about the school, the easier   25   will be for them to adapt to the new environment. However, it takes time to get used to college life.
 
 
2013广东高考英语语法填空强训题答案
 
1、语法填空16.survivors 17.from 18.about 19.to rebuild 20.a 21.poisonous 22.was living 23.but  24.which 25.them
2.16.on   17.However   18.her   19.when        20. terribly 21. it  22. that/ which          23.were  24.a/one   25. Trembling
3.16. where  17. to blame  18. works  19. and/ or/  20. this/ it/ that  21. from/ to
22. that/ which  23. how  24. Breathing/ To breathe  25. treatment24题首字母未大写给一分)
4.16running   17slipped   18difficulty   19was rising  20successfully  21A
22who   23where  24She  25to
5.16. closer      17. coming    18. a/the       19. its        20. As
21. where      22. be led     23. frequently   24. other      25. at
6.16. an.        考查冠词,educational以元音开头。an educational present
17. Believing.  考查非谓语动词,parentsbelieve是主动关系。父母相信电脑是成功的关键,所以坚持……
18. be taught.  考查谓语动词,insist表示坚持主张时,宾语从句中谓语动词要用虚拟语气。 insist that sb. (should) do
19. that.       考查表语从句。
20. pressure.   考查词形转换,根据下文and wise educational decisions,可知and连接的两个都是名词。
21. without.    考查介词,根据前文Many schools are giving in ….可知是没有好的教育计划就购买了电脑硬件。
22. who.       考定语从句。先行词是those
23. because.    考查连接词。前后两句为因果关系。
24. another.    考查代词,前文已经出现过problem。在此,表示出现另外的问题。
25. where.     考查定语从句,先行词是前文的poor school districts。那些贫穷的地方没有足够的钱付给老师做报酬。
7.16. easily     17. who 18. were killed    19. sitting      20. disbelief   21. had made
22. lost   23. the  24. in 25. Neither 
8.[答案]  16. dating   17. whose    18. for               19. Some     20. new
               21. brought        22. that              23. on         24. size        25. economists
9.16[解析] 此处意思是crying marriage(哭嫁)令人吃惊。
[答案] Surprising
17[解析] and前面的动词existed用了过去式,后面的动词也用过去式,与existed构成并列谓语。
[答案] remained
18[解析] 这种习俗直到清末都很流行。
[答案] until/till
19[解析] a后面用名词,指哭嫁是土家族婚礼中一个必不可少的程序。
[答案] necessity
20[解析] same前一定有冠词the
[答案] the
21Otherwise
22[解析] 新娘在婚礼上必须哭,否则邻居们就会瞧不起她。
[答案] her
23[解析] in which引导定语从句。
[答案] in
24[解析] a way to do sth.做某事的方法。
[答案] way
25[解析] arranged marriage意为包办婚姻,用过去分词表示被动,即被包办的婚姻
[答案] arranged
10.16[解析] 引导定语从句。
[答案] who
17But 18.a
19[解析] 与后面的waited一起充当并列谓语。
[答案] hid
20[解析] 第一个出现的老人走了,另一个人来了。
[答案] Another
21it 22.saying
23[解析] 夜幕降临,这里用将来时态。
[答案] will be
24[解析] 年轻人用尽全力搬走巨石。
[答案] strength
25[解析] 接不定式表示意想不到的结果,年轻人没想到巨石底下有一袋钱。
[答案] to find
11.16[解析] 根据文章内容,英语为本族语的学生是国际学生,作定语要用形容词形式。
[答案] international
17[解析] take up the responsibility表示担起责任
[答案] up
18[解析] 在English前用形容词作定语。
[答案] limited
19[解析] 结合上下文来看,表示没有一种课程管用。
[答案] none
20[解析] 指看到一则广告,表示一个(块,张等)”用不定冠词。
[答案] an
21[解析] 表示逻辑转折。文中指免费是有条件的。
[答案] but
22[解析] 引导宾语从句并在从句中作宾语,用what
[答案] what
23[解析] 指两个月后就不需要手势就可以理解了。
[答案] without
24[解析] 由文意可知,指目前或近阶段每一百户人家中接受外国人居住的数目正在上升
[答案] is rising
25[解析] 整篇讲的都是口语,所以,对应的应试问题就不能解决了。
[答案] not
12.[答案] 16. for 17. what 18. to explain 19. replied 20. while/because/as 21. where/so 22. or 23. Before 24. truly 25. speechless
13.16[解析] millions of是固定词组。
[答案] of
17[解析] the World Wide Web.定冠词在此表特指。
[答案] The
18[解析] mainly because:主要因为。
[答案] mainly
19has just led
20[解析] one after another是固定词组,表示一个接一个。
[答案] another
21[解析] 在此作形式宾语。
[答案] it
22[解析] 引导定语从句,并在从句中作宾语。
[答案] who/whom
23[解析] 在此表转折。
[答案] however
24description
25[解析] be likely to do sth.有可能做某事。
[答案] likely
14.[答案] 16. an 17. latest 18. other/different 19. while 20. associated 21. One 22. what 23. restrictions 24. be broadcast(ed) 25. for
15.[答案] 16. an 17. latest 18. other/different 19. while 20. associated 21. One 22. what 23. restrictions 24. be broadcast(ed) 25. for
16.[答案] 16. on 17. fled 18. because/as 19. it/that 20. who/that 21. wondering 22. to buy 23. messy 24. the 25. excitement
17.答案16[解析] 考查短语keep on doing的用法。
[答案] increasing
17[解析] There will not be enough resources的主谓结构是完整的,所以只能用event的副词形式eventually作状语。
[答案] eventually
18[解析] 时间状语是by+将来时间,谓语用将来完成时态。
[答案] will have used
19[解析] 考查句型makeitadj.forsb.to do sth.
[答案] necessary
20[解析] 考查理解和代词。根据意思应该是其他行星中到目前为止还没有一个适合生命的生存。”none of+复数名词/不可数名词,表示“……中没有一个。
[答案] none
21[解析] 考查上下文理解和行文逻辑。前文说没办法,这里说可能的解决方案所以用“however”表示转折。
[答案] however
22[解析] 考查内容理解和从句。这里应该是在地球的资源完全枯竭之前,所以用before
[答案] before
23[解析] 是个及物动词,耗尽,用完,这里应该用被动语态。
[答案] exhausted
24[解析] 考虑到行文逻辑,这里表示的是结果,因此,so/therefore是最佳措辞。
[答案] so/therefore
25[解析] 考查行文逻辑。文章最后两句很明显是解释something is difficult这句话。有两件事是困难的,除了Venus比地球热得多,另一难题是那里的水有限,所以这里用Besides.
[答案] Besides
18.答案16running    17slipped    18difficulty    19was rising   20successfully     21A    22who     23where     24She    25to
19.答案。本文讲的是一个志愿者赴地震灾区看望和帮助灾民的故事。
16.survivors  考构词法及名词复数形式,看望幸存者, 没用复数形式不给分。
17.from   考介词,来自全国各地的志愿者用介词from
18.about  考介词,抱怨complain about
19.to rebuild 考动词不定式作定语,修饰the chance
20.a  考冠词的用法,第一次提到一家慈善机构用a,所冠的名词作定语从句的主语。
21.poisonous  考构词法,名词前面用形容词形式,故填poisonous
22.was living考时态,while从句用过去进行时态表示当时的情况,主句的动作发生在这个动作之中。
23.but   考并列连词的用法,前后是明显的转折关系,故用but
24.which 考关系代词的用法,此空填which引导非限制性定语从句修饰前面的主句,且在从句中作主语。
25.them 考代词宾格,指代前面提到的all the people
20.

21.  16. addicted   17. morality    18. have posted    19. providing    20. their
21. so       22. Others      23. on/upon      24. which      25. be translated
22.16. as;        17. who;   18. recovery;   19. her;    20. had survived;
21. if/whether;   22. before;    23. smiling;    24. a;  25. all
23.16.survivors  17.from   18.about  19.to rebuild 20.a  21.poisonous  22.was living 23.but  24.which 25.them
24.16. me  17. how  18. environmental  19. based  20.It  21. is  22.from 23.But 24. an  25.further
25.答案16. than      17. that   18. of   19. delivered        20. their  21. homeless  22. for    23. as   24. have discovered  25. a
26.16.all   17 .working  18.are sent  19.or  20. themselves  21. security 22.As 23. for  24.a 25.from
27.16) them    17) whom/who      18)to           19)lasts      20)Apparently21) what    22) unusual       23) is taken    24) a         25) tested     
28.答案16. Whoever   17 admiration    18. is asked     19. than       20. between 
21. nothing     22. who         23. adopted     24. believe    25. as
29.答案16.to     17.which  18.was changed  19.however     20.myself
21.positive  22.until   23.solved      24.Unfortunately  25 to complete
30.答案16. from   17. but   18. pulling   19. astonished    20. whose
21. thoughtful   22. thanked    23. himself   24. that    25. in
31.答案16. being noticed 17. that   18. on     19. or    20. Otherwise 21. one   22. preparations    23. are     24. who     25. their
32. 答案16. from        17. how       18.applications     19. which       /that       20. with21. are accepted      22. an     23. other             24. puzzling   25. it
 
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